Letters of Liberty
                                                                         Our Republic is Born  

                After reading history from the 1700’s, I cannot put a finger on the exact cause of out revolution with England.  Some people point to excessive taxation.  Others seem to believe that the British were becoming more oppressive with time.  Then some had more liberty in our new country as many were indentured servants.  Perhaps it was a combination of all of these different afflictions which finally caused the American people to finally revolt. 

                Our first attempt at a government system after the Declaration of Independence was the Articles of Confederation in 1777.  It became apparent after a short time that this form of government, although well intended, had some defects and shortcomings that needed to be changed.  Several people suggested another constitutional convention to address the problems with our new government; however, they could not gather enough delegates to convene a convention in 1785.  Still many pressed on for another constitutional convention as the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation became more apparent as time went on. 

                In 1787 they enlisted the help of George Washington to hold another constitutional convention and they were successful in holding a convention in Philadelphia, Pa. in the spring of that year.  Unfortunately, two of the greatest political minds of the time, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were serving their county but they had many other delegates who were well equipped to handle the upcoming task.  Shortly after the convention began Alexander Hamilton gave a long speech.  When he was done talking his speech was said to be “applauded by all but embraced by none”.  After realizing his speech was rejected by his fellow delegates he decided to return home to New York, and we lost another fine political mind.  Yet they still pressed on with George Washington in charge and Benjamin Franklin leading with prayer every session.

                It was a long, demanding, but successful summer as the constitution was signed September 17th 1787.  Alexander Hamilton returned to the fold to sign it as well which was comforting to many of the delegates as he was very well respected.  When John Adams and Thomas Jefferson received a copy of this new constitution, they were overwhelmed and proud of their fellow countrymen for forging such a perfect document.  However, the hard part of getting this new constitution ratified was an arduous task that lay ahead because they needed 3/4th of the states to affirm it.

                At the time there were two political parties that existed; the Federalists and the Anti Federalists.  Some of the Federalists included Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris and others who believed in the new constitution.  The Anti-Federalists included Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Mason and others who opposed the constitution.  Soon after the constitution was signed, Anti Federalists began a negative newspaper attacks against the proposed constitution and took direct aim towards Alexander Hamilton.  They assault continued and the question on how to reply to these attacks as not response would likely lead to a failure of the states to ratify the new constitution.

                Alexander Hamilton sent letters to his closest friends and allies on how to respond to these continuing attacks. After reading the responses to his ongoing problem of these relentless attacks, he decided to write a series of essays to explain the merits of the new constitution.  He was determined to let the people read the true meaning of their new document and let is succeed or fail on its own merits. 

                After completion with the help of James Madison and John Jay they were sent to various newspapers.  Finally state legislators also requested all the essays to aid them in making their decision of whether to vote for or against the new constitution.  Even with Rhode Island refusing to attend or vote on it and needing 10 states to ratify, it finally passed. These essays are called the Federalist Papers which I suggest anyone who wants to understand how our republic is constructed and how it should operate to read.